Reading Comprehension, UT Isabela, Programa AHORA Workshop 4 ENGL231

Nota del autor: Tome en consideración que tipo de uso le va a dar a esta lectura.  No me hago responsable de lo que las reglas o leyes de plagio le puedan traer a consecuencia. 

Escuela de Estudios Profesionales
Programa AHORA

By: José R. Romero Velázquez

December 6, 2015

Facilitator: Roberto Diaz Montalvo

ENGL 231
First Assignment to be sent by email

Reading Comprehension

Reading Comprehension
Name: José R. Romero Velázquez
Date:  December 6,

From Outer Space reports that Dr. Richard B. Hoover, an astrobiologist at NASA, believes that he has found the fossils of bacteria in meteorites. In other words, he claims to have found traces of life from outer space.

Not surprisingly, his claim is controversial; many scientists do not accept that Dr. Hoover has come to the correct conclusion from what he has observed. Therefore, he has invited over 5,000 scientists to review his work and to publish their comments.

1. Bacteria are a form of life (d).

a. group of scientists
b. place where meteors come from
c. kind of restaurant
d. form of life

2. When something is controversial, people have strong disagreements about it (c).

a. get sick from it
b. believe it is ancient and extremely rare
c. have strong disagreements about it
d. brush their teeth with it

3. Dr. Hoover seems confident that his research will be proven correct because he has invited many scientists to look closely at his work (b).

a. he is named after a vacuum cleaner
b. he has invited many scientists to look closely at his work
c. he works for NASA
d. he gets a rash when he touches meteorites

4. Based on the reading selection, which statement is true? - Dr. Hoover believes he has found fossils of bacteria (c).

a. No one believes that Dr. Hoover has made an important discovery.
b. Astrobiologists are smarter than other scientists.
c. Dr. Hoover believes he has found fossils of bacteria.
d. Dr. Hoover did his work without using a microscope.

09/26/2010 Word Meanings From Context *(Where Monsters Can Grow?)

Reading Comprehension
Name: José R. Romero Velázquez
Date: December 6,
Word Meanings From Context
Use the context to help you determine the meaning of each highlighted word.

1. No matter where you go, the Internet is following you. Almost every portable device is being made with an Internet connection. Most new TVs and many other appliances come with Internet connections as well. The Internet is truly ubiquitous.
If something is ubiquitous, it is everywhere (b).
a. it is fuzzy and will bite you
b. it is everywhere
c. it costs too much money
d. it causes rashes
2. Speaking rudely to the judges was rash behavior. You really hurt your chances of winning!
In the above context, what does “rash” mean? - with little thought or consideration (d).
a. an itchy skin condition
b. funny
c. trying to hide or disguise a piece of cheese
d. with little thought or consideration
3. Some people are always bashing the president just like others bashed the one before him. Wouldn't you think that everyone could find something to praise him for, at least once in a while? 
What does “bashing” mean in the above selection? - speaking or writing harshly about (c).
a. hitting hard with a heavy tool
b. going to too many expensive parties
c. speaking or writing harshly about
d. voting for a different candidate
4. Wherever he goes, the esteemed Dr. Sanchez is applauded for his life saving research.
What does “esteemed” mean? - greatly admired (d).
a. held over boiling water
b. very old
c. unable to chew gum
d. greatly admired

Reading Comprehension
Name: José R. Romero Velázquez
Date: December 6,
See if you can answer the following questions about the meanings of quotations.

1. “Acting is all about honesty. If you can fake that, you've got it made.”    George Burns
Burns was saying that he is honest (a).
A. saying that he is honest
B. angry about what  actors do
C. a fake
D. making a joke
2. “If passion drives you, let reason hold the reins.”    Benjamin Franklin
This means that you should think before you act (a).
A. you should think before you act
B. avoid fast horses
C. do whatever you feel like doing
D. let someone else drive
3. “You must do the things you think you cannot do.”    Eleanor Roosevelt
This means that we’re capable of doing more than we realize (d).
A. we should fool ourselves
B. we are confused
C. we can't do all that much
D. we're capable of doing more than we realize
4. “Government's first duty is to protect the people, not run their lives.”    Ronald Reagan
Reagan wanted to limit the power of government (b).
A. have government solve all our problems
B. limit the power of government
C. shrink the military
D. eliminate all governments

5. “You aren't learning anything when you're talking.”    Lyndon B. Johnson

This means that it's important to listen to others (d).
A. talk louder
B. teach
C. help others.
D. listen to others

Reading Comprehension
Name: José R. Romero Velázquez
Date: December 6,
See if you can answer the following questions about the meanings of quotations.

1. “A teacher is someone who talks in our sleep.”    Alfred E. Neuman
The point of this quote is that students don't pay attention in school (b).
A. students dream about going to school
B. students don't pay attention in school
C. homework is relaxing
D. teachers shouldn't disturb students' naps
2. “A person who won't read has no advantage over one who can't read.”    Mark Twain
Twain is saying that reading ability is nothing if it isn't used (b).
A. reading isn't necessary
B. reading ability is nothing if it isn't used
C. he is a great author
D. you should learn how to read
3. “Too bad SpongeBob isn't here to enjoy SpongeBob not being here.”    Squidward
Squidward actually means that he enjoys SpongBob's absence (c).
A. he misses SpongeBob
B. he likes SpongeBob's visits
C. he enjoys SpongBob's absense
D. he enjoys television
4. “Continuous effort - not strength or intelligence - is the key to unlocking our potential.”    Winston Churchill
Churchill really meant this because he was not a quitter (d).
A. smoker
B. leader
C. farmer
D. quitter

5. “An ounce of practice is worth more than tons of preaching.”    Mohandas Gandhi

Which statement or quote is similar to the above quote? - Actions speak louder than words (b).
A. The pen is mightier than the sword.”   Edward Bulwer-Lytton
B. Actions speak louder than words.
C. Practice makes perfect.
D. “Courtesy is as much a mark of a gentleman as courage.”   Theodore Roosevelt

Reading Comprehension
Name: José R. Romero Velázquez
Date: December 6,
Word Meanings From Context
Use the context to help you determine the meaning of each highlighted word.

1. Your cousin claimed to be late because the doors of his house were frozen shut. Even though I have my doubts, his explanation is plausible. It got really cold last night. I'll just have to take his word for it.
If a statement is plausibleit's believable enough to possibly be true (d).
a. you must always believe it
b. you should never believe it
c. it's hard to understand because it makes no sense
d. it's believable enough to possibly be true
2. If you don't curtail your spending, you'll be broke in no time at all!
Which word is a synonym of "curtail"? – reduce (a).
a. reduce
b. follow
c. behind
d. buy
3. No word must ever leak out about this military action! It has to be a clandestine operation in order to succeed. 
Which word is a synonym of "clandestine"? – secret (d).
a. family
b. useful
c. dangerous
d. secret
4. Put this medicine on your arm and rub it into your skin until it's invisible. It will inhibit the infection's attempt to spread.
What does “inhibit” mean? - block or slow down (b)
a. live in a certain place
b. block or slow down
c. itch or burn
d. help to do something important

Reading Comprehension
Name: José R. Romero Velázquez
Date: December 6,

Mr. El and the Princess
“You should try one of these sundaes,” said Mr. Smitty.
Miss Joan nodded in agreement.
“I’ll get around to it,” Mr. El replied as he looked across the large Dairy Center tent. The three teachers were at their school’s Back to School Fair. It had grown into a major annual event, sort of a mini county fair.
“What are you staring at, Mr. El?” asked Miss Joan.
“I think I’ll stroll over there and talk to the County Dairy Princess,” Mr. El replied.
“She is beautiful,” Mr. Smitty remarked.
“I hadn’t noticed,” said Mr. El, trying not to smile.
Miss Joan rolled her eyes.
“Actually, my interest in her is purely professional,” Mr. El stated. “I might learn something about the dairy industry that I can share with my fourth graders.”
Mr. Smitty broke in, “Besides, he likes that new resource teacher, Miss Cheryl.”
“Miss Cheryl is kind of cute,” Mr. El admitted. “I like the way her eyes cross when she’s annoyed.”
“Why is it that you know how everyone looks when they’re annoyed?” Miss Joan asked.
Mr. El chose to ignore the question. “I’ll be right back,” he said as he walked toward the dairy princess.
Miss Joan and Mr. Smitty relaxed on a bench as they enjoyed their sundaes and watched Mr. El approach the princess.
Mr. El and the young lady seemed to be having a pleasant conversation when suddenly the princess walked away with a much less than pleasant expression on her face.
When Mr. El rejoined his friends, Miss Joan could not contain herself. “I’d give a million dollars to know what you said to her!” she exclaimed.
“You don’t have a million dollars,” Mr. El responded.
“I’ll buy you one of these giant hot fudge sundaes for the story,” Mr. Smitty proposed.
“Deal!” said Mr. El. “I was asking her what qualities the judges look for in choosing a dairy princess.”
“And?” Miss Joan demanded.
“Well it just goes to prove that a sense of humor isn’t one of the requirements,” Mr. El replied.
“What did you say?” Miss Joan asked with that “What terrible thing have you done?” look that she did so well.
“Just to add a little levity to the conversation,” Mr. El went on, “I asked her if looking like a cow was one consideration.”
“You did what?!” Miss Joan practically screamed.
“I think this is worth a double hot fudge sundae!” Mr. Smitty announced.
“I thought she’d know I was kidding,” Mr. El stated. “I say stuff like that to my students all the time and they know I’m kidding.”
“That’s because they’ve learned not to take you seriously,” Miss Joan said.
“Well this girl, who’s at least twice the age of my fourth graders, ought to know that she doesn’t look anything like a cow. You can’t win a competition to be a princess of any kind without knowing that you’re smart and good looking.”
“Maybe she thinks that you think that she looks like a cow,” Mr. Smitty offered.
“Why would she care?” Mr. El countered.
“Good question,”said Miss Joan. “But don’t you see the damage you’ve done?” she added.
“Damage, what damage?” asked Mr. El.
“Up until today she was a self-confident young woman, destined for greatness. She might have become a scientist whose inventions would have saved millions of lives. She might have gone on to be a great leader who would bring peace and prosperity to the whole world!” Miss Joan paused to catch her breath. “But now,” she continued, “she’ll spend the rest of her miserable existence hiding her face. She’ll live her entire life wearing a character costume at some amusement park so that no one will ever gaze upon her cowlike features! And needless to say, she’ll never save the world!”
“You could just go over there and apologize,” Mr. Smitty suggested.
“That might just make things worse,” said Mr. El. “In a few minutes she’ll forget I exist; she’ll forget what I said, and she can go on to save the world.”
“I’ll have my sundae now,” Mr. El reminded Mr. Smitty. “Didn’t I hear ‘double hot fudge’?”
As Mr. Smitty walked off to buy the sundae, Mr. Kay, the principal, came by. “Mr. El,” he said, “I have a nice surprise for you. I’ve lined up your student teacher for this fall. Her name is Miss Lee. She’s already a very accomplished young lady. In fact, you may have noticed her at the fair.”
“She’s here? I’d like to meet her,” said Mr. El.
“That’s her over there,” Mr. Kay said. “She’s wearing that shiny little crown.”
“You mean that Dairy Princess crown?” asked Mr. El.
“That’s her,” said Mr. Kay.
Miss Joan, who couldn’t help hearing the conversation, had a broad smile on her face. Mr. El was not smiling.
“Excuse me,” said Mr. El, “I have to rush to my room and prepare a lesson plan!”
“A lesson plan?” asked the principal.
“Yes,” sighed Mr. El, “A lesson about thinking before speaking.”

For Discussion:

1. What lesson did Mr. El learn from his experience?
That’s so wrong but still a funny story! Obviously Mr. El learned that he has to think first and think well before talking to someone he met for the first time.  They don’t know each other, so he wasn’t supposed to make jokes that can hurt the feelings of the others person. He learned the hard way, because at the end they will spend the whole school year in the same classroom.

2. Can you think of any examples of someone making a similar mistake?
Of course I can think in an example. I worked as a sale person for 25 years or so, and I also taught and supervised other people who wanted to become sales person.  You can’t ask a lady that looks old to you, with a kid by her side, if he or she is her grandson or granddaughter. Maybe he or she is her son or daughter. She will think you are telling her she looks older than she really is. I also had the experience that one of my students, asked a lady if the guy that was with her that day, was her son, and he was her husband. 

3. Do you think that it’s always possible to know how someone will react to something you say?
            Not always, you will know how people will react to something you say. Some weeks ago, my English teacher was talking about, when a student are sick and coughing how they shouldn’t be in the classroom or at least, sit in the back, so others don’t get sick. The funny part is that one of my classmates got so angry that started arguing with my English teacher, and then she left the classroom and never came back. I swear it really happened. For me that was the funniest thing I’ve seen in my college years.


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