viernes, 4 de marzo de 2016

The Positive Effects of Integrating Information Communication Technology(ICT) in Foreign Language Teaching

"The Positive Effects of Integrating Information Communication Technology(ICT) in Foreign Language Teaching"


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Author: Ivonne Rivera Haddock
Turabo University (2014)


     The increasingly huge changes in technology is creating opportunities and challenges for
education and many industries in the world.  Technology has become part of our day to day
living, like the cellular phone, internet, the television and many other electronic objects.
Devices, programs, software and applications that facilitate the search for information. ICT or
Information and Communication Technology or Technologies, should be part of today's
education.  Learning a new language using ICT as a facilitator is a growing opportunity for
students and educative institutions.


      Information and Communication Technology (ICT) according to TechTargetNetwork,  is
an umbrella term that includes any communication device or application, encompassing; radio,
television, cellular phones, computer and network hardware and software, satellite systems and
so on as well as the various services and applications associated with them, such as
videoconferencing and distance learning.  Therefore integrating ICT in a classroom can be
beneficial for students when learning a new language.  It can provide the necessary tools for
improving the teaching and learning process, opening new opportunities and avenues.  It could
enhance the education and adapt to the student's needs.   In order to keep up with the globalized
world it is important to observe the positive effects and advantages of ICT in an EFL classroom.


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     According to the ICT for Language Learning the following impacts seem to be the most
obvious to support foreign language teaching: the student is easily adaptable to teaching
materials according to circumstances, learner's needs and responses. For instance the student will
learn better and quicker if the teaching methods used match their preferred learning styles. Also
the teacher will see that as learning improves, so does the child's self-esteem.  Which in
consequence has a positive effect in learning.  Students who may have become bored with
learning might be interested once again.  Another positive point is that it allows to react upon and
enables the use of recent/daily news, it offers access to authentic materials on the web.  When the
student has the opportunity to watch or observe recent or daily news for that matter, the child can
react immediately and have critical thinking and express his or her feelings in the matter.
Combine or use alternately basic skills, like text, images, audio, video clips, etc.  According to
the Teaching Center Journal, Teaching with Technology, "Research on In-Case Use of Laptops,
and Other Devices: Effects on Students' Learning and Attention", (2014).


     In this research they studied 595 students in 16 courses in a variety of disciplines.  In eight of the courses, instructors integrated the use of Lecture-Tools a collection of web-based tools, which include class activities, that contain answering questions, taking notes, overall a total engagement of
technology integration.  On the other hand the remaining eight functioned as a control group,
instructors permitted their student to use their own laptops in class, but did not integrate activities
using laptops into course instruction.  Engagement with laptops, helped 60% of students in
Lecture-Tools and 39% in the control group.  Laptops that helped in the learning process,  53%
in the Lecture-Tools students, and 40% of the control-group students.  This study clearly show
that when students are using their laptops and other electronic devices in instructor-designed
activities that are connected to course learning objectives students have a positive impact than
those that do not have the same experiences in the classroom.


      The advantages of ICT in a EFL classroom are the following in the Language Learning
research;


1) The capacity to control presentation, which has to do with the comparison of a book
and a computer.  A book has a fixed presentation, but a computer has visual and audio materials,
text with graphics and images.  In other words a lot more attractive to the eye of the students in
classroom.


2) Novelty and creativity, lessons can contain different materials that could be more
appealing to the eye, than looking or observing a lesson which in certain topics is all the same.



3) Feedback; computers can correct the student's mistakes and in occasions give them advice.



4)Adaptability; in this case teachers can adapt programs to the student's needs and level of
language knowledge, unlike books which are produced in a single uniform format.  
 There are many ways children can learn a new language, like the use of the internet,
which can give the child a hands on experiences that can be more attractive to the brain and the
eye.  Through the internet the student can travel to places and meet people from different
countries and learn their language, culture, and way of living.  A meaningful experience without
leaving the comfort of their environment.  The internet is a non-stop tool, a 24/7,
communication.  Flexible enough to learn a new language at the students' pace and time.  Now a
days the internet can be accessed through many devices, easy enough to even carry around
anywhere and everywhere.  A great tool to learn a new language without inconveniences or
difficulties.  



 The application of ICT in the a EFL classroom gives more opportunities for students to
communicate between peers.  They can exchange information in real time, they can participate in
blog discussions, work in teams on different projects, exchange emails, search for information,
send pictures, and much more, without being together in the flesh.  First and foremost in order to
experience ICT in the classroom the teacher should have knowledge of the use of it and become
comfortable with it. As part of this investigation it is important to look at the positive outcomes
of using ICT in the classroom, in the following archives you will observe how this process can
be helpful not only for the teacher but for the student as well.  European Schoolnet/ Observatory,
provides the results,  of how the teacher should always feel about their lesson plans, and how the
student will feel to explore the purpose in using ICT.  



 Achieving this goal in an EFL classroom should be not only the job of the teacher but the
outlook of the students.  The desire of the student to have an open mind in wanting to learn
everything in their path.  The right attitude is the key to learning a new language, or anything in
life for that matter.  The "ICT for Language Learning" encourages teachers to help students find
value in learning through the implementation of various instructional strategies and multiple
alternative and authentic forms of assessments, while maintaining high standards of student
performance in an environment which encourages students to do their best work by effective,
nurturing teachers, will help increase the motivational levels of all students.  Like for instance
Web 2.0 is an important tool that can help students with meaningful language learning tasks from
the comfort of their own homes.  http://www.doink.com/ Fun, powerful, animation apps. A fun, creative way to make animations on your IPad, IPhone, or IPod Touch. It's easy!  
    

https://www.edmodo.com/about  A free online tool for the Education Community, for schools, teachers, students and parents.



There are thousands of ways to get a student excited about learning a new language, or feel
enthusiastic about his or her learning capacity.  All the teacher needs is the right attitude and the
right tools to send the message across and reach that special person.  Truth be told, technology is
helpful in the development of the students learning experience in and out of the classroom.  



References:


Korkut Uluc Isisag, Gazi University (Turkey) International Conference "ICT for Language Learning" 5th edition  http://conference.pixel-online.net/ICT4LL2012/common/download/Paper_pdf/235-IBT107-FPIsisag-ICT2012.pdf  


Margaret Rouse (2005) TechTargetNetwork/SearchCIO, ICT (information and communications technology-or technologies; http://searchcio.techtarget.com/definition/ICT-information-andcommunications-technology-or-technologies



Friedrich Scheuermann and Francesc Pedro (2009) Assessing the effects of ICT in Education, indicators, criteria and benchmarks or international comparison.
http://browse.oecdbookshop.org/oecd/pdfs/free/9609111e.pdf



ETA English Teachers Association sharing the expertise, ICT in English. http://www.englishteacher.com.au/AboutUs/OfficialStatements/ICTsinEnglish.aspx



The Teaching Center/Journal/Teaching with Technology/ Research on In-Case Use of Laptops and Other Devices: Effects on Students' Learning and Attention (2014) http://teachingcenter.wustl.edu/Journal/Reviews/Pages/Research-In-ClassDevices.aspx#.VHG7bYvF9S1


 
European Schoolnet/Observatory/The Teachers Effect on the use of ICT in the classroom/ Briefing paper, issue no. 1, (April 2013). http://www.eun.org/c/document_library/get_file?uuid=158e6686-f9f9-42c3-aa8df281c9ee43f0&groupId=43887



Edmodo https://www.edmodo.com/about
Doink  http://www.doink.com/

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